Sunday, April 14, 2013


Modernization is the process in which social and economic change is obtained through and through industrial revolution, urbanization and other social changes that alters people?s lives. Modernization promotes individualism over the unity of traditional communities and encourages tenability over traditional philosophies. Modernization canful have both positive and negative effects on society and can often bring ab come out of the closet controversy.

The German sociologist Ferdinand Tönnies (1855?1937) organize the theory of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. Ferdinand Tönnies saw novelisation as the reformist loss of human partnership (Gemeinschaft). He also believed that modernization caused people in modern societies to drift apart and face-to-face relationships became more impersonal as people became more egoistic (Gesellschaft). Ferdinand Tönnies theory suggests that ? modernity turns society inside out so that people are essentially separated in spite of uniting factors (Macionis, J., 2006, page 457). Large cities provide an exquisite example of Ferdinand Tönnies theory of Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft. People pass iodin another by the hundreds on busy city streets every day; yet, they remain strangers because they ignore each other as they pass. Even loyalty and trust becomes issues between friends as individuals put together their personal needs above others. Peter Berger?s cipher was greatly influenced by Ferdinand Tönnies theories.

Peter Berger (1977) identified quatern major characteristics of modernization to describe his theory about how modernization manifests itself.

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The decline of small, traditional communities: rather than smell revolving around family and community it now revolves around technology and individualism. People born into modern societies may have the tendency to overlook such a decline in small, traditional communities because they would have never lived in or possibly even seen a small, traditional community.

2.The expanding upon of personal choice: rather than following the traditional standards of life i.e. religion, faith etc. people have the option to drive control and choose their own lifestyle. Berger described...

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