Thursday, March 7, 2019
Political Parties of 1800s Essay
The Democratic and Republi push aside Parties can trace their roots back to the 1800s, but some of the most evoke stories in American policy-making history spring from parties which enjoyed flashes of glory in the lead fading away for good.The extinct political parties of the 1800s include organizations which were successful plenteous to put candidates in the White House. And there were also others that were just g comicalamned to inevitable obscurity.Here is a listing of some significant political parties who are no longer with us, in roughly chronological beau mondeFederalist ships companyThe Federalist company is considered the first American political party. It advocated a beefed-up national government, and prominent Federalists included throne Adams and Alexander Hamilton.The Federalists did not relieve oneself a sustaining party apparatus, and the partys defeat in the preference of 1800 led to its decline. It essentially ceased to be a national party by and by 1816. (Jeffersonian) republican companyThe Jeffersonian republican political party, which, of course, supported Thomas Jefferson in the election of 1800, was formed in opposition to the Federalists. The Jeffersonians tended to be more egalitarian than the Federalists.Following Jeffersons two terms in office, James capital of Wisconsin won the presidency on the Republican ticket in 1808 and 1812, followed by James Monroe in 1816 and 1820.The Jeffersonian Republican companionship then dog-tired away. The party was not a forerunner of the present day Republican Party. At times it was even called a name which seems contradictory today, the Democratic-Republican Party. issue Republican PartyThe National Republican Party supported John Quincy Adams in his unsuccessful bid for reelection in 1828 (there had been no party designations in the election of 1824). The party also supported Henry Clay in 1832.The general theme of the National Republican Party was opposition to Andrew capital of Missi ssippi and his policies. The National Republicans generally fall in the Whig Party in 1834.The National Republican Party was not a forerunner of the Republican Party, which formed in the mid-1850s.Anti-Masonic PartyThe Anti-Masonic Party formed in upstate New York in the late 1820s, following the mysterious death of a member of the masonic order, William Morgan. It was believed that Morgan was killed before he could reveal secrets about the masons and their suspected influence in American politics.The party, while seemingly based on conspiracy theory, gained adherents. And the Anti-Masonic Party actually held the first national political group in America. Its convention in 1831 nominated William Wirt as its prexyial candidate in 1832. Wirt was an odd choice, having once been a mason. And while his candidacy was not successful, he did conceptualize one state, Vermont, in the electoral college.Part of the appeal of the Anti-Masonic Party was its savage opposition to Andrew capita l of Mississippi, who happened to be a mason.The Anti-Masonic Party faded into obscurity by 1836 and its members drifted into the Whig Party, which also tallyd the policies of Andrew Jackson.Whig PartyThe Whig Party was formed to oppose Andrew Jacksons policies and came together in 1834. The party took its name from a British political party which had opposed the King, as the American Whigs said they were fenceKing Andrew.The Whigs candidate in 1836, William Henry Harrison, lost to the Democrat Martin vanguard Buren. hardly Harrison, with his log cabin and hard cider campaign of 1840, won the presidency (though he would only serve for a month).The Whigs remained a study party throughout the 1840s, winning the White House again with Zachary Taylor in 1848. But the party splintered, mainly over the issue of slavery. Some Whigs joined the Know-Nothing Party, and others, most notably Abraham Lincoln, joined the new Republican party in the 1850s.Liberty PartyThe Liberty Party was or ganized in 1839 by anti-slavery activists who wanted to take the abolitionist movement and make it a political movement. As most leading abolitionists were adamant about being impertinent politics, this was a novel concept.The party ran a presidential ticket in 1840 and 1844, with James G. Birney, a fountain slaveholder from Kentucky as their candidate. The Liberty Party drew meager numbers, garnering only two percent of the popular vote in 1844.It has been speculated that the Liberty Party was responsible for splitting the anti-slavery vote in New York state in 1844, thereby denying the states electoral vote to Henry Clay, the Whig candidate and assuring the election of the slave-owning James Knox Polk. But that assumes Clay would have drawn all the votes cast for the Liberty Party.slaveless PartyThe non-slave Party came into being in 1848, and was organized to oppose the spread of slavery. The partys candidate for president in 1848 was former president Martin Van Buren.Zachary Taylor of the Whig Party won the 1848 presidential election, but the non-slave Party did elect two senators and 14 members of the House ofRepresentatives.The motto of the Free-Soil Party was Free Soil, Free Speech, Free Labor and Free Men. afterward Van Burens defeat in 1848 the party faded and members were last absorbed into the Republican Party when it formed in the 1850s.The Know-Nothing PartyThe Know-Nothing Party emerged in the late 1840s as a reaction to immigration to America. after some success in local elections with campaigns rife with bigotry, former president Millard Fillmore ran as the Know-Nothing candidate for president in 1856. Fillmores campaign was a disaster and the party soon dissolved.Greenback PartyThe Greenback Party was organized at a national convention held in Cleveland, Ohio in 1875. The formation of the party was prompted by difficult economic decisions, and the party advocated the issuance of paper money not backed by gold. Farmers and workers were the partys natural constituency.The Greenbacks ran presidential candidates in 1876, 1880, and 1884, all of whom were unsuccessful.When economic conditions improved, the Greenback Party faded into history.
Posted by Gloria Sweet at 10:39 AM